1. Indian cows belong to the Bos indicus category and the jersey cows belong to Bos Taurus.
2. Now there are 33 identified species of cows in India and these are developed by nature depending on the climatic conditions, availability of fodder, way of working etc. But the jerseybreed belongs to the Jersey Island in UK and it is exported throughout the world for milk and adaptability to climatic conditions. (As compared to Holsteins which needs more cool climate than jersey).
3. Indian cows have long horns and big humps where the jersey cows don’t have.
4. Some of the North Indian breeds such as Gir, Kankrej, Tharparkar cows have long dewlap and ears with long loose coat to cool their body as the temperature in some part of North India Soars high. But the Jersey cow’s doesn’t have these as they are from the cold climate of UK.
5. Indian cows gives more calves during their lifetime average of more than 10-12 and some can go beyond 15 but the Jersey cows gives less calves in their lifetime. So the amount of milk produced by Indian cows during their lifetime is more when compared to the Jersey cow.
6. The Indian calf’s takes a longer time to get impregnated generally 30-36 months, whereas the Jersey breeds calves takes 18-24 months.
7. Indian cows produce A2 beta-casein a genetic variant of Amino acid commonly found in Indian breeds, whereas the jersey cows produce A1 milk where this genetic variant of beta casein is not found.
8. The dung of the Indian cows contains more microbes and micro nutrients approximately 85-90% whereas the Jersey cow contains 50-60% only. Hence when the Indian cow dung is used in organic farming we will get good results within short time because of its composition.
9. Indian Gir cow is having traces of gold in urine, as found by the Junagadh Agricultural University. Gir cows are high milkers and are in great demand in Brazil. Brazil needs fresh blood of Gir cows every 10-15 years to improve their herd’s milk yield. They are also funding Indian farmers to supply semen and frozen embryos.
10. A mix of Indian Breeds such as Gir, Kankrej, Ongole cattle were crossed bred by the American in the early 19th century and new bred named as “Brahman” was introduced. This breed is having a high growth rate and meat conversion ratio hence preferred as the primary meat breed of many foreign countries.
11. Indian Sahiwal cows are exported to Australia as they can tolerate high temperatures and resistance to tick diseases.