1. Indian cows belong to the Bos indicus category and the jersey cows belong to Bos Taurus.
2. Now there are 33 identified species of cows in India and these are developed by nature depending on the climatic conditions, availability of fodder, way of working etc. But the jerseybreed belongs to the Jersey Island in UK and it is exported throughout the world for milk and adaptability to climatic conditions. (As compared to Holsteins which needs more cool climate than jersey).
3. Indian cows have long horns and big humps where the jersey cows don’t have.
4. Some of the North Indian breeds such as Gir, Kankrej, Tharparkar cows have long dewlap and ears with long loose coat to cool their body as the temperature in some part of North India Soars high. But the Jersey cow’s doesn’t have these as they are from the cold climate of UK.
5. Indian cows gives more calves during their lifetime average of more than 10-12 and some can go beyond 15 but the Jersey cows gives less calves in their lifetime. So the amount of milk produced by Indian cows during their lifetime is more when compared to the Jersey cow.
6. The Indian calf’s takes a longer time to get impregnated generally 30-36 months, whereas the Jersey breeds calves takes 18-24 months.
7. Indian cows produce A2 beta-casein a genetic variant of Amino acid commonly found in Indian breeds, whereas the jersey cows produce A1 milk where this genetic variant of beta casein is not found.
8. The dung of the Indian cows contains more microbes and micro nutrients approximately 85-90% whereas the Jersey cow contains 50-60% only. Hence when the Indian cow dung is used in organic farming we will get good results within short time because of its composition.
9. Indian Gir cow is having traces of gold in urine, as found by the Junagadh Agricultural University. Gir cows are high milkers and are in great demand in Brazil. Brazil needs fresh blood of Gir cows every 10-15 years to improve their herd’s milk yield. They are also funding Indian farmers to supply semen and frozen embryos.
10. A mix of Indian Breeds such as Gir, Kankrej, Ongole cattle were crossed bred by the American in the early 19th century and new bred named as “Brahman” was introduced. This breed is having a high growth rate and meat conversion ratio hence preferred as the primary meat breed of many foreign countries.
11. Indian Sahiwal cows are exported to Australia as they can tolerate high temperatures and resistance to tick diseases.
Lord Krishna left Mathura due to fulfill the desire of Jarasandh who devoted him with enmity. He kept the residence all the royalists (Rajpurush), his relatives and followers in the capital but there was no place to keep his beloved cows and the cowherds in the middle of the sea (Dwarka). They were kept apart from lord Krishna. Feeling themselves miserable the cows and cowherds started to move in the direction where lord shri Krishna went considering them selves orphan. Bearing the great grief of separation the cows and cowherds came across lord Krishna in the great forest of jal and ker trees.
After visiting lord Krishna the cows and cowherds became so ecstatic that they were unaware of day and night. Thus three days have been passed then Uddhavji proposed to handover the service of looking after the cows to Aniruddh (son of Prdhyumn) and reminded lord Krishna to start the other religious work which were remained uncompleted. Lord Krishna said to Uddhavji, “brother, when I visited the cows and the cowherds in this holy land I felt so ecstatic that I was unaware of day and night. There is nothing but only pleasure here. I didn’t get such a pleasure here. It is the forest of pleasure.” Thus the forest named Anandvan (the forest of pleasure). Now the land again got its name “Anandvan”.
According to the command of lord Krishna, Aniruddh made Anandvan the centre of cows and cowherds and then decentralized the area for the protection of cows from Marwar to Girnar, on the bank of holy river Sarswati, Sindhu and Banas where there was a vast area of pasture there remained pasture (meadows) for thousands of miles. The cowherds started the great work of cow’s protection, cows rearing and increasing of cows on the banks of holy rivers. Finding the company of lord Krishna again the descendants of the cows Surbhi, Nandini and Kamdhenu became fearless and contented. The requirements of cows and cowherd farmers were easily fulfilled by the natural grass in the thousands of acres of land between the river sindhu, banas and the vast sea where the crops of wheat, bajra, jawar, maize, barley, moth, mung and matira etc. were flourished. Lord Krishna used to donate hundred thousands of cows to the other cow rearing kings and Brahmins.
After lord Krishna’s going to (Swadham) his abode, so many natural calimities occurred on this land air and fire gave up their dignity. The result was that the city Dwarikapuri surrounded by sea and the pastures, situated between Sindhu and Banas were covered with water. After that holy work of cows protection and increasing of cows was again started by the dynasty of lord Krishna and Brahmins on the very land after two thousand years. This important work of cows protection, increasing and rearing cows was started on a large scale with millions of cows by the Bhati of Thar, Sodha Rajput, Rajpurohit and Choudhary in Marwar and Ahir, Bharwar, Kachhi and Patel in Kathiawad. Thus the capitals were founded again between the sea and Banas and Sindhu. The heads of the castes Bhati, Sodha, Jodha, Chauhan, Baghela, Solanky etc. were installed on the thrones of these states. The cowherds folk science was fully invented from Hindukush hills to the confluence of narbda on the edge of the sea. At this time the social and religious leaders started agricultural production on a large scale with the help of oxen. Specially the species of Malwa and Kanan were used. The business of ghee, food grain, gur and sugarcane was flourished well. The production from cows and agriculture like gavya, havya and kavya were exported to the other part of the earth. The people of those lands considered themselves thankful to get those things useful for life. Lord Krishna honored the GOP kings of the land this area was fully prosperous with the providence of Kamdhenu’s descendant cows. These people were followers of Vedic universal religion and perform all the religious rituals in religious method. They constructed large dams, tank, and wells with religious feelings. They considered Kamdhenu as their mother and ox as their father. To sell and purchase of cows was considered a crime. To plant protect and look after the useful trees were considered religious affair. The kings and cowherd farmers were generous, prudent and Kamdhenu scientists. They had the blessing of the saint, great men and hermits of the Himalayas and Girnar because all the persons reared cows. The base of the karmyog, gyanyog, and bhaktiyog as well as different internal yoga and spirituality is mother cow Naturally all the great man of the world was pleased with the cowherds. The rearing of cows was based on the view of nature and divine.